Ought To Women Have Routine Mammography Screenings?

The reply is still uncertain. A team of researchers at the Institute of Cancer Research in London tracked 160,900 women for an average of 11 years. The participants were divided into two groups: Women in the study group were offered annual mammography screenings beginning at age 40, while those in the control group were offered annual screenings beginning at age 50.

Deaths resulting from breast cancer among the younger women decreased by only 17 percent, a figure considered by researchers to be not statistically significant. However, the study also found that in this particular group of women 23 percent had at least one false-positive result, as opposed to 12 percent of older women. (A false-positive result can be an irregularity in the screening process that later turns out not to be breast cancer.)

Regular screening also increases the potential for radiation-induced breast cancer, a risk several endocrinologists believe outweighs the benefit in a small percentage of gal.

The researchers figured that annual mammography screenings remain too uncertain to conclude that a net benefit accrues to women from the below 50 age-group.
Another study conducted by researchers at France's National Institute of Health and Medical Research (Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, or INSERM), found out that chest X-rays seem to raise the chance of breast cancer in females with the cancer of the breast gene mutations BRCA1 or BRCA2.

Researchers studied 1,601 European and Canadian women with the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations, which greatly increase possible breast and ovarian cancers. The group included 853 women with breast cancer tumors.

The results reveal that the women who reported having chest X-rays were 54% more likely to create breast cancer, compared with those who reported having no chest X-rays. That outcome was more prevalent among women very much as 40 years old and those who reported having had chest X-rays before age 20.

According to the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation's web site, the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations are carried by close to 250,000 women from the U.S. These inherited gene mutations consider 5 to ten % of breast cancers diagnosed in the U.S. A woman's odds of developing breast cancer, if she lives on the age of 85, are about 13 percent if she has no BRCA2 mutation, 60 to 80 % if a woman has a BRCA1 mutation, and 30 to 85 percent if she is sufffering from a BRCA2 mutation.

It is known that radiation exposure can increase the possible risk of cancer. However, it must be noted that X-rays typically use low levels of radiation will be generally considered safe. It is also known that the younger the age initially exposure to radiation the greater the potential risk of breast cancer.

The timing of exposure can be as important since the dose. When exposure occurs during time of greater cell growth of the breast, vulnerability to your cancer-causing effects of radiation is additional. Even in older women who are still having a menstrual cycle, the timing of exposure is crucial. The cumulative dose as with annual mammography screenings starting below age of 40 in like a with the breast cancers gene mutations BRCA1 or BRCA2 significantly increases the threat.

Breast cancer takes years to develop from the first genetic event or exposure to the when a lump is seen on a mammogram or felt during a breast exam. It may be accomplished that the initial genetic damage may have occurred very at the beginning of life. It is difficult to pinpoint when the initiating event took place.

Although the medical establishment takes to avoid exposing a woman who might be pregnant to X-rays, a woman want to avoid having a mammography screening in the end of a menstrual period because that's time when the breast cells are reproducing most rapidly.

Since young as well as women who are genetically at dangerous for breast cancer are more affected by X-ray radiation, contact with radiation should be limited and alternatives should be employed in emergencies. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which utilizes imaging technology distinctive from X-rays, could viewed as a good alternative to X-rays and mammography.

It could be the responsibility of every woman choose for herself (after research) whether she should risk developing breast cancers as caused by routine mammography screenings or risk getting the complications of late-diagnosed cancers of the breast that might have been avoided if detected earlier by screening mammography.

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About the Author
I am 30 years old and my name is Karolyn Darcy. I life in New York (United States).

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