Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India
was born at Allahabad on 14 November 1889. He was the only son of Motilal Nehru and Swarup
Rani. From the age of 15 to 23 Jawaharlal studied in England at Harrow, Cambridge and the
Inner Temple returning to India in 1912.
Former Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century.
Born: November 14, 1889, Allahabad
Died: May 27, 1964, New Delhi
Education: Trinity College, Cambridge (1907–1910), Harrow School, City Law School
Children: Indira Gandhi
Parents: Motilal Nehru, Swaruprani Thussu
Books: Letters from a Father to His Daughter, More
and can rightly be called the architect of modern India. He set India on the path of
democracy and nurtured its institution – Parliament, multi-party system, independent
judiciary and free press. He encouraged Panjayati Raj institutions.
Commission, National Science Laboratories and laid the foundation of a vast public sector
for developing infrastructure for industrial growth. Besides, developing the public
sector, Nehru also wanted to encourage the private sector to establish a social order
based on social justice he emphasised the need of planned development. Nehru gave a clear
direction to India’s role in the comity of nations with the policy of non alignment
and the principle of Panchsheel, the five principles of peaceful coexistence at a time
when the rivalries of cold-war were driving the humanity to its doom. His vision was that
of extensive application of science and technology and industrialisation for better living
and liberation from the clutches of poverty, superstition and ignorance. Education to him
was very important for internal freedom and fearlessness. It was Nehru who insisted if the
world was to exist at all; it must exist as one. He was generous and gracious. Emotional
sensitivity and intellectual passion infused his writings, giving them unusual appeal and
topicality even today. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1955. He never forgot India’s
great cultural heritage and liked to combine tradition with modernity.
like ‘The Discovery of India’, ‘Glimpses of World History’, his
autobiography, ‘towards Freedom’ (1936) ran nine editions in the first year alone.
Emotional sensitivity and intellectual passion infused his writings, giving them unusual
appeal & topicality even today. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1955.
Nehru. Hie birthday is observed as Children’s Day. He believed that children are the
future of the nation. Nehru passed away in 1964.